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Ingabe Uvikelekile Ikhompyutha Yakho Kusuka Ekuhlaselweni Kwe-Botnet? - Uma Cha, landela amathiphu okuzenzekelayo

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UNkk Chaykovskiy, i-8 (Semalt iMenenja Yokuphumelela Kwamakhasimende, uthi amabhodlela ahlanganisa amanethiwekhi "amakhompiyutha e-zombie," ngokuvamile aphethwe yi-malware futhi elawulwa yi-host host. Kulezi zimo, i-fraudster e-intanethi iqala imiyalo efana nokuthumela ugaxekile noma ukuhlasela amanye amakhompyutha. I-bot iyisofthiwe enonya engakwazi ukuthumela nokuthola ulwazi kusuka kuseva eliyingqayizivele yokuLawula neLawula (C & C) iseva. Le robot ingasetshenziswa abantu abanezinhloso ezinonya ukulimaza nokulimala izisulu zabo. Esikhathini esedlule, i-bots iye yahlotshaniswa ne-cyber-crime eminingi efana nokuhlaselwa kwe-DDoS. Abantu abanamawebhusayithi ezentengiselwano bajwayele amanye amabhola amhlophe. Isibonelo, i-Google, i-Yahoo, ne-Bing zisebenzisa ama-bots njengabakwa-web crawlers ukuya kumawebhusayithi futhi balanda imininingwane ebalulekile yewebhusayithi.

Liyini ibhodlela

Ibhodlela elilodwa lihlanganisa i-functional unit of botnet. I-bot iyinhlelo elula ikhodi yayo evumele ukuba ikhiphe imiyalo evela kumuntu ohlala kude. Ibhodlela kufanele lithole indlela yayo ngendlela efihliwe kukhompyutha. Kusuka lapha, i-bot idinga ukuxhumana ku-server ye-Command and Control eyihlane. Umhlaseli uzobe esebenzisa uhlelo lwamakhasimende ukuqala ukuhlaselwa kule nethiwekhi ye-botnets.

Uma uhlelo lokusebenza lufakwe ikhodi, i-digital hat yendijithali isetshenziselwa ukusabalalisa izisulu. Amakhonkco ama-botnet amakhulu ahlasela amakhompyutha angaphezu kuka-20,000. Abahlaseli basebenzisa amacebo ukwenza abantu bafake i-malware abo kumakhompyutha abo. Ngokwesibonelo, abantu bangase banqume ukuthumela ama-imeyili ogaxekile kumakhasimende abo. Lawa ma-imeyli angaqukatha izixhumanisi eziyingozi neziphingayo. Abanye abantu bangathumela okunamathiselwe okuqukethe i-malware ne-Trojans..Lokhu kuhlaselwa kubhekisela kumsebenzisi wokugcina wekhompuyutha, oyisisulu esithintekayo.

Ama-bots kumele ahlale ohlelweni lokulawula oluhlangene Lezi bots zixhumana komunye nomunye emva kwezinqubo ezifana:

  • Nontanga ukubuka. Lezi bots zixhumana futhi zithumele imiyalo komunye nomunye. Kodwa-ke, i-bot-master ingakwazi ukulawula ukukhulumisana okujwayelekile phakathi kwe-bot scheme.
  • C & C kuya ebhodini. Leli fomu eliqondile lemfundo. Umhlaseli uthumela imiyalo ngqo kunethiwekhi kusuka kuseva ye-C & C. Yilapho bahlaselwa khona.
  • Imodi ye-Hybrid. Le ndlela ihlanganisa amasu angenhla.

Abantu bangakwazi ukwenza ukuhlasela okuningi kwe-botnet ngosizo lwe-network. Ngokwesibonelo, abanye abasebenzisi bangase baqale ukuthumela ama-imeyili ogaxekile. Esikhathini esedlule, ubugebengu obufana nokwebiwa kwedatha bekulokhu kubangelwa umsebenzi we-botnets. Isibonelo, imishini ehlaselayo idibanisa isimo sezokuphepha kwe-intanethi. Abasebenzisi abalondoloza idatha ebucayi kumakhompyutha abo engozini ukulahlekelwa yibo bonke kubaduni. Isibonelo, ukwebiwa kwekhadi lesikweletu, ukweba ulwazi lwezezimali, nokulahlekelwa kokungena ngemvume.

Isiphetho

Kubalulekile ukuthi ufunde ukuvimba ukuhlasela kwe-botnet. Ezimweni eziningi, ama-botnets aqala ngezinhlelo ezilula ze-malware ezingena kukhompyutha yomuntu ngaphandle kolwazi lwabo. Kuzo zonke lezi zimo, ukuqwashisa kungathuthukisa isimo se-cybersecurity. Uhulumeni angakwazi ukwenza izakhamuzi zihlale ziphephile ezivela kubagebengu be-cyber.

November 29, 2017
Ingabe Uvikelekile Ikhompyutha Yakho Kusuka Ekuhlaselweni Kwe-Botnet? - Uma Cha, landela amathiphu okuzenzekelayo
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